Heart disease is prevalent world over with increase in number of heart attacks everyday prevention of a heart attack has become the key factor. This prevention can be done by modifying and monitoring the risk factors which are the major cause of heart attack all over the world. Almost all the risk factors involved in the prevention of a heart attack are interrelated and by controlling one risk factor you can reduce the effect of other risk factors too.
Reduce Cholesterol levels
The first and the main risk factor which is involved in a heart attack is blood cholesterol level. The blood cholesterol levels should be in check for prevention of a heart attack. One needs to know the optimum cholesterol level to keep your heart healthy. Cholesterol levels higher than 240 mg/dL or bad cholesterol level more than 130 mg/dL is considered very bad for the heart. Extensive measures are required to reduce cholesterol levels and several drugs are available in the market which helps to reduce the cholesterol levels.
Lowering cholesterol levels is possible only with control in diet. Diet should contain less of fat and cholesterol which will slow down the process of clogging and hardening of the arteries. A well balanced diet is most essential for all those who want to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. A good, healthy and well balanced diet should have less than 30% calories for fat.
Some Lifestyle changes
The most dangerous factor causing heart attack is calorie accumulating and high fat contents that are found in fast foods. So try to avoid it as much as possible.
Alcohol in large amounts can cause a lot of health problems like high blood pressure, damage liver and kidneys. It can also cause disturbance in heart rhythm.
Smoking has been found to be a major factor which causes heart problems and heart attacks. Cigars, tobacco and even passive smoking are very dangerous to health. Try to avoid smoking for prevention of a heart attack.
Enhance your physical activity
Physical activity like walking, swimming, biking, aerobics, exercise and jogging will help to reduce cholesterol and even blood pressure. It is important to remember that sudden increase in physical activity is not advisable; instead you need to start slowly and increase the exercise to a maximum of 30 minutes.
Reduce extra weight
Extra weight is known to injure the heart and even the blood vessels. It is very important to reduce weight through exercise and diet. There are many advertisements and scams that promote weight loss program. You need to be very careful while choosing them as some of them are promoted by people who have selfish interest of earning money. Get advice from a healthcare provider before trying out any unconventional weight loss programs. Some of the diet pills are known to cause side effects like heart valve disease. Other weight loss products like ephedrine are potentially dangerous.
Treat Related Conditions
A proper medical treatment of related conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes is necessary. It is very essential to control these diseases for prevention of a heart attack.
A good Emergency Action Plan
A good emergency plan is very much required in cases where there is a chance of getting heart attack. The high risk category patients those who already had an attack or those who have a family history should take special care.